“In an ever-changing, incomprehensible world the masses had reached the point where they would, at the same time, believe everything and nothing, think that everything was possible and that nothing was true. … Mass propaganda discovered that its audience was ready at all times to believe the worst, no matter how absurd, and did not particularly object to being deceived because it held every statement to be a lie anyhow. The totalitarian mass leaders based their propaganda on the correct psychological assumption that, under such conditions, one could make people believe the most fantastic statements one day, and trust that if the next day they were given irrefutable proof of their falsehood, they would take refuge in cynicism; instead of deserting the leaders who had lied to them, they would protest that they had known all along that the statement was a lie and would admire the leaders for their superior tactical cleverness.”
― Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism
Created for Mischa Kuball’s light and sound installation,
at the Jewish Museum, Berlin.
“The class which has the power to rob upon a large scale has also
the power to control the government and legalize their robbery.”
—Eugene V. Debs
Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata proclaims his Plan de Ayala, laying out his ideology and program of land reform, whose slogan “Land and Freedom!” was a watchword of the Mexican Revolution. “The nation is tired of false men and traitors who make promises like liberators and who on arriving in power forget them and constitute themselves as tyrants.”
“It is not enough, citizens, to have destroyed the factions, it is necessary now to repair the evil that they have done to the country.”
• Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
Nez Perce leader Hinmatóowyalahtq̓it,
also known as Chief Joseph,
ends a legendary three-month flight
to Canada by surrendering to US forces.
“Do not misunderstand me,
but understand fully with
reference to my affection for the land.
I never said the land was mine to do with as I choose.
The one who has a right to dispose of it is the one who created it.”
Finnegans Wake, Page 46:
“Small wonder He’ll Cheat E’erawan our local lads nicknamed him…
… So snug he was in his hotel premises sumptuous
But soon we’ll bonfire all his trash, tricks and trumpery…”